Performance of Harmonic Mitigation Alternatives

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Users of variable frequency drives often have strict demands placed on them to mitigate harmonic distortion caused by non-linear loads. Many choices are available to them including line reactors, harmonic traps, 12-pulse rectifiers, 18-pulse rectifiers, and low pass filters. Some of these solutions offer guaranteed results and have no adverse effect on the power system, while the performance of others is largely dependent on system conditions. This paper explains the theory of operation of various passive harmonic mitigation techniques and demonstrates their typical real life performance. It takes the guesswork out of harmonic filtering by demonstrating the typical performance of various harmonic mitigation techniques and offering a quantitative analysis of alternatives for real life VFD operating conditions.